Hurun Global Rich List 2015

来源:Hurun Research Institute
时间:2015-02-03

(3 February 2015, Beijing, China) Hurun Report today released the Hurun Global Rich List 2015, a ranking of the US dollar billionaires currently found in the world. Wealth calculations are a snapshot of 17 January 2015.  This is the fourth year that Hurun Report has released a ranking of the dollar billionaires in the world. The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 is sponsored by Chinese luxury home builder Star River Property.

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SURGE OF 222 BILLIONAIRES TO RECORD 2089 BILLIONAIRES IN WORLD

 

BILL GATES, CARLOS SLIM AND WARREN BUFFETT SEE WEALTH SURGE US$52BN OR US$100,000 A MINUTE OVER PAST YEAR TO COMBINED RECORD TOTAL OF US$244BN

USA AND CHINA MAKE UP HALF WORLD’S BILLIONAIRES; INDIA BREAKS INTO TOP 3 FOR FIRST TIME

NEW ENERGY KING LI HEJUN STEALS CROWN OF CHINA NUMBER ONE FROM JACK MA

 

LEADING AUTHORITY ON CHINA’S WEALTHY RELEASES HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST 2015

  • WORLD’S BILLIONAIRES GREW BY 222 TO 2089 INDIVIDUALS. RECORD NUMBER OF BILLIONAIRES.
  • 649 SAW WEALTH INCREASE + 341 NEW FACES. 869 SAW WEALTH DECREASE + 95 DROPPED OFF LAST YEAR’S LIST, WITH 10 RUSSIANS LEADING WAY.
  • USA AND CHINA DOMINATE WITH 537 AND 430 BILLIONAIRES, MAKING UP HALF OF THE HURUN LIST. CHINA STOCK MARKET BOOM KEY DRIVER FOR 72 NEW FACES, FOLLOWED BY USA WITH 56. INDIA UP BY 27 TO BREAK INTO TOP 3 FOR FIRST TIME, REPLACING RUSSIA.
  • BILL GATES, 59, HOLDS ONTO TOP SPOT WITH US$85BN, JUST AHEAD OF CARLOS SLIM AT US$83BN. WARREN BUFFETT 3RD WITH US$76BN.
  • NEW YORK BILLIONAIRE CAPITAL OF THE WORLD. 5 GREATER CHINA CITIES MAKE TOP 10: HK, BEIJING, SHENZHEN, TAIPEI AND SHANGHAI.
  • TECHNOLOGY KEY SOURCE OF WEALTH FOR SECOND YEAR RUNNING. REAL ESTATE, MANUFACTURING, INVESTMENTS AND RETAIL FOLLOW. MARK ZUCKERBERG, 30, BREAKS INTO TOP 10.
  • NEW ENERGY KING LI HEJUN, 48, IS CHINA NEW NUMBER ONE WITH US$26BN. WANG JIANLIN REBOUNDS AFTER LISTING REAL ESTATE AND CINEMA UNITS, JACK MA THIRD AFTER DROP IN ALIBABA SHARE PRICE.
  • CHINA leads with SELF-MADE WOMEN. OF 69 self-made WOMEN IN WORLD, 35 are from China.
  • 529 BILLIONAIRES OF CHINESE ORIGIN, 23% OF TOTAL.
  • SELF MADE BUT WITH A LITTLE HELP FROM PARENTS WAS THE MOST COMMON ROUTE TO BECOMING A BILLIONAIRE. HURUN REPORT THIS YEAR INNOVATED A SELF-MADE SCORECARD, ASSESSING BETWEEN 1 AND 5 THE DEGREE TO WHICH A BILLIONAIRE WAS SELF-MADE OR INHERITED.
  • 40 INDIVIDUALS BELOW 40 YEARS, 22 SELF-MADE. SNAPCHAT FOUNDERS EVAN SPIEGEL, 24, AND BOBBY MURPHY, 26, YOUNGEST. UBER TECHNOLOGIES GARRET CAMP, 36, AND TRAVIS KALANICK, 38, EACH WORTH US$1.3BN; AIRBNB JOE GEBBIA, 33, AND NATHAN BLECHARCZYK, 31, EACH WORTH US$1.5BN.
  • BIGGEST GAINER. E- COMMERCE TYCOON LIU QIANGDONG, 41, OF JD COM, SAW HIS WEALTH QUADRUPLE TO US$6.7BN FROM US$1.5BN LAST YEAR.
  • CHINESE STOCK EXCHANGES ATTRACTED MORE BILLIONAIRES THAN US, FOR THIRD YEAR RUNNING.
  • CHINESE STAR SIGNS. BILLIONAIRES BORN IN THE YEAR OF THE HORSE (CURRENT YEAR) LEAD THE WAY. YEAR OF THE SHEEP (STARTS ON FEB 19) COMES IN AT 6TH PLACE.
  • CHINESE LUXURY HOME BUILDER STAR RIVER IS SPONSOR OF HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST FOR SECOND YEAR.

 

 

(3 February 2015, Beijing, China) Hurun Report today released the Hurun Global Rich List 2015, a ranking of the US dollar billionaires currently found in the world. Wealth calculations are a snapshot of 17 January 2015, and for key people stock movements of 10% or more between the cut-off date and the release date are factored in.  This is the fourth year that Hurun Report has released a ranking of the dollar billionaires in the world. The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 is sponsored by Chinese luxury home builder Star River Property.

 

The List at a glance

The Hurun Global Rich List 2015 ranked 2089 billionaires from 68 countries, up 222 from last year, in a record-breaking year for the world’s billionaires.

649 saw their wealth increase and there were 341 new faces. 230 remained unchanged. 869 individuals saw their wealth decrease. 95 dropped out of last year’s list.

The Russian Rouble collapse, brought about by a stagnating Russian economy, sanctions due to Ukrainian conflict and cheaper oil price by the OPEC, has been the cause for 60% of Russian billionaires to see their wealth drop, led by Vladimir Yevtushenkov and Vagit Alekperov of Lukoil whose wealth fell by 77% and 73% respectively.

Although the list expanded by 222 individuals, the total wealth dropped by 1.5% to US$6.7 trillion, still more than the GDP of Japan and South Korea combined.

The average age is 64, same as last year.

 

Rupert Hoogewerf, Chairman and Chief Researcher of Hurun Report, said, “Tech has been leading the way again for new billionaires. It’s all eyes on the new economy.”

“’New Energy King’ Li Hejun becomes the twelfth Number One China has had in the past 16 years, underlying once again the dynamism of the Chinese economy. In that same period, Bill Gates has been the only Number One in the US.”

 

Top Ten – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Name

WealthUS$bn

% change YOY

Source of Wealth

Age

Country of residence

Self-Made Scorecard

1-

Bill Gates

85

25%

Investments

59

USA

4

2↑

Carlos Slim Helu & family

83

38%

America Movil

75

Mexico

5

3-

Warren Buffet

76

19%

Berkshire Hathaway

84

USA

5

4↓

Amancio Ortega

55

-11%

Zara

78

Spain

5

5-

Larry Ellison

54

13%

Oracle

70

USA

5

6-

Bernard Arnault

45

-2%

LVMH

65

France

4

7*

Mark Zuckerberg

44

42%

Facebook

30

USA

4

8↑

Charles Koch

36

0%

Energy

79

USA

3

8↑

David Koch

36

0%

Energy

74

USA

3

8*

Dieter Schwarz

36

29%

Retail

75

Germany

3

Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015

↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy  * New to Top 10

 

Bill Gates, 59, retains the number 1 spot with a fortune of US$85bn, up US$17bn, on the back of strong gains on his investments. Interestingly, one quarter of his wealth is parked with Warren Buffett, exceeding the value of his remaining stake in Microsoft. Other investments include US$3.5bn in Facebook, owned by Mark Zuckerberg also in the Top 10, and close to US$2bn in the Four Seasons hotel chain, majority owned by Prince Alwaleed, one of the Top 20. Gates became a billionaire by the age of 31. Despite being one of the biggest philanthropists in the world, Gates has been in the Top 3 of the Hurun Global Rich List since its inception four years ago.

 

Carlos Slim Helu, 75, regains his second spot with a 38% surge in his fortune to US$83bn. Interestingly, Slim is said to like to drive himself and has lived in the same six-bedroom house for the past 40 years. Slim has six children.

 

Warren Buffett, 84, saw his wealth shoot up by US$12bn or 19%. Buffett donated US$2.8bn to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation last year. Interestingly, 99 percent of his wealth was earned after his 50th birthday. His children, Susan, Howard and Peter, run their own charity foundations. “I would say the most satisfying thing is watching my children pick up on their own interests," Buffett said, "and work many more hours per week, than most people that have jobs, at trying to intelligently give away that money in fields that they particularly care about."

 

Amancio Ortega, 78, is out of the top three for the first time in three years, after seeing his stake in Zara drop by US$7bn, due in part to a drop in the Euro. Ortega has three children.

 

Larry Ellison, 70, with US$54bn, saw his wealth increase by 13%. Ellison is a signatory of The Giving Pledge, committing to donate more than half his wealth to philanthropic causes. Ellison is best-known for his passion for the sea, racing in the America’s Cup owning one of the biggest yachts in the world and in 2012 buying one of Hawaii’s largest islands. Interestingly, Steve Jobs was the official photographer at Ellison’s wedding.

 

Bernard Arnault, 65, stays at sixth with US$45bn. Arnault has five children from two marriages.

 

Mark Zuckerberg, at 30 the youngest member of the Top 10, has had a great year. His wealth soared 42%, moving him up 11 places no. 7. In October, Zuckerberg surprised many with the quality of his spoken Chinese during a visit to Tsinghua University in China. Zuckerberg graduated from one of America’s best-known private high schools, Phillips Exeter Academy, which is why Hurun Report assessed his self-made score ‘4’. Zuckerberg has donated US$2bn. Five Facebook billionaires made the Hurun List.

 

Dieter Schwarz, 75, saw his wealth shoot up 29% to US$36bn and winning him a place in the Top 10 for the first time. Schwarz inherited a retailing business from his father but has since grown it significantly. Schwarz is known to be very low-key.

 

Charles, 79, and David Koch, 74, go up one place despite their wealth remaining the same.

 

Jeff Bezos and Sheldon Adelson out of Top 10 after just one year, down to 22nd and 24th place respectively.

 

Measuring the degree to which Billionaires are Self-Made

This year, Hurun Report innovated a scorecard measuring the degree to which billionaires are inherited or self-made. The scorecard is out of five, where 1 is inherited and not active in business, and 5 is self-made without help from parents.

 

Self-made with a little help from parents was the most common route to becoming a billionaire. An example is Mark Zuckerberg, who was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, one of America’s best-known private high schools,.  Second was self-made without help from parents, most of whom are coming from China and the US. Third was inheriting a business and growing it into a much bigger entity, eg Rupert Murdoch.

China leads with self-made ‘5s’.

 

25% of the Self-Made ‘4s’ and ‘5s’ are female, whilst 72% of the ‘1s’ are female. For the ‘2s’, the majority of the Chinese are from HK.

 

69% are self-made and a further 19% are substantially self-made in that they grew an inherited business into a much bigger business. 

 

82 individuals, or 4%, are from the 4th generation or more. The 82 come from 52 companies.

 

Countries by Self-Made Scorecard

Self-Made  Scorecard

% of billionaires

TOP 3 Countries (with %. of billionaires)

Example

5

 

1. China (61%)

Self-made without parental financial support eg Warren Buffett

30%

2. USA (13%)

 

3. Chinese Taipei (5%)

4

 

1. USA (38%)

Self-made, but with a helping hand from parents such as through private education, eg Mark Zuckerberg

39%

2. Russia (10%)

 

3. India (5%)

3

 

1. USA (22%)

Inherited a small business and grew it big time, eg Rupert Murdoch

19%

2. India (9%)

 

3. Germany (9%)

2

 

1. USA (23%),

Inherited, but active in the business eg Liliane Bettencourt of L’Oreal

8%

2. China (16%),

 

3. Chinese Taipei (8%)

1

 

1. USA (33%),

Inherited and not actively involved in the business, eg Laurene Powell Jobs of Apple

4%

2. Brazil (13%)

 

3. China (7%)

Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015

 

Where they live

The ‘Big Two’ are the USA and China with 537 and 430 billionaires respectively, amounting to almost half of the billionaires on the planet. India grew fast. Russia had a bad year, losing 10 billionaires.

 

New York is the ‘Billionaire Capital of the World’, retaining the title it took away from Moscow two years in a row. 91 of the Hurun Billionaires live in the Big Apple, up 7 from last year. The rise in Hong Kong billionaires came about mainly from ranking several families individually, as well as 6 new faces.

 

Rise of Asia: Of the top 17 billionaires whose fortunes doubled this past year, 14 are Chinese, led by Liu Qiangdong of online retailer JD.COM.

Where they live

 

Country

No of billionaires

Change in No. of billionaires

 

 

City

Number of billionaires

Change in No. of Billionaires

1-

USA

537

56

 

1-

New York

91

7

2-

China

430

72

 

2-

Moscow

73

-4

3↑

India

97

27

 

3-

Hong Kong

71

22

4↓

Russia

93

-10

 

4-

Beijing

68

11

5↓

UK

80

3

 

5-

London

49

0

6-

Germany

72

6

 

6-

Mumbai

40

7

7-

Switzerland

60

4

 

7↑

Shenzhen

34

7

8-

Brazil

56

8

 

8↓

Taipei

33

5

9↑

Chinese Taipei

48

11

 

9↑

Shanghai

30

6

10-

France

46

9

 

9↑

Sao Paulo

30

4

11↓

Japan

45

2

 

9-

Paris

30

3

12-

Canada

39

4

 

12↓

Istanbul

29

1

13↑

South Korea

33

6

 

13↓

Tokyo

28

1

13-

Turkey

33

1

 

13↓

Seoul

28

1

15↓

Australia

32

3

 

15↑

Bangkok

27

10

16*

Thailand

29

12

 

16↓

San Francisco

26

2

17↑

Italy

27

5

 

17↓

Singapore

22

-5

18↓

Singapore

26

-2

 

17-

Los Angeles

22

2

19↓

Indonesia

24

-3

 

17↑

Hangzhou

22

3

20↓

Spain

19

-1

 

20↓

Dallas

17

0

         

20*

New Delhi

17

2

Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015

↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy * New to Top 20

 

The USA: Ranks No 1 with 537 billionaires; 56 more than 2014. Technology, Media and Telecom (TMT) overtook investments to become the main source of wealth for American billionaires, followed by retail. TMT, investments and retail made up 125, 110 and 55 billionaires respectively. The combined wealth of the US billionaires was US$2.2 trillion. New York is America’s (and the world’s) city with the highest concentration of billionaires, with 91, followed by San Francisco and LA on 26 and 22 respectively. The USA is also the world’s capital for immigrant billionaires, attracting 211 billionaires. 386 self-made and 152 inherited billionaires. USA added 71 new billionaires. Average age of US billionaires 66.4.

China: Ranks No 2 with 430 billionaires, 72 more than last year. The combined net worth of the Chinese billionaires is US$1.2 trillion. Real Estate has generated most number of billionaires (119), followed by Manufacturing and TMT with 70 and 41 respectively. Led by Hong Kong and Beijing, 5 Chinese cities make the top 20 cities. Hong Kong, Beijing and Shenzhen are home to 71, 68 and 34 billionaires respectively. Average age of the billionaires is 58. 395 self made and 35 inherited. China is the number 1 in the world in terms of generating the most self-made billionaires akin to “rags to riches” – 90% of the Chinese billionaires.

India: Leapfrogged Russia and the UK to third place with 97 billionaires, 27 more than 2014. Manufacturing, Pharma and TMT are the preferred sectors with 23, 14 and 12 billionaires respectively. Combined wealth of the Indian billionaires comes to US$266bn. Mumbai is headquarters to most of the Indian billionaires. Mukesh Ambani (US$20bn, rank 41) is the richest Indian.

Russia: Comes in forth with 93 billionaires; 10 less than 2014. All are self-made. The most popular sectors are energy, real estate and financial services with 19, 13 and 11 billionaires respectively. Moscow is home to 73 billionaires. Combined wealth of the Russian billionaires comes to US$365bn. Overall wealth of Russian billionaires declined by 5%.

UK: Down one place to 5th with 80 billionaires, 2 more than 2014. With four new entrants, Mike Ashley, 50, of Sports Direct leads with a net worth of USD2.8 Bn. London is the overwhelming city of choice for 49 billionaires. Retail, real estate and TMT are the biggest wealth creators with 13, 12 and 9 billionaires respectively. UK billionaires have a combined wealth of US$244 billion. Overall wealth of UK billionaires dropped by 10%. Ukrainian-born Leonard Blavatnik and Indian origin SP Hinduja & family are the richest people living in the UK.

Germany: retains the 6th spot with 72 billionaires, despite having 6 more than 2014. With a 28% increase in net worth, Dieter Schwarz, 75, of Schwarz Group shoots to the top spot of the richest German billionaires. F&B, TMT and Retail are the most popular sectors with 16, 13 and 11 billionaires respectively. Hamburg is the preferred city with 9 billionaires living there.

Switzerland: 7th with 60 billionaires, 4 more than 2014. With 14 billionaires, Geneva is the No 1 city for billionaires in Switzerland. Preferred sectors are manufacturing (with 13 billionaires) and Pharma (with 12 billionaires). Combined wealth of the Swiss billionaires cumulates to US$188.3bn.

Brazil: 8th with 56 billionaires, 8 more than 2014. Combined wealth of the Brazilian billionaires totals US$148bn. Financial services is preferred industry with 12 billionaires followed Real Estate with 7 billionaires.

Japan: 11th with 45 billionaires, 2 more than 2014, despite the Yen losing 6% against the dollar. Combined wealth of the Japanese billionaires cumulates to US$112bn. The preferred sector is TMT with 17 billionaires followed by retail with 9. Tokyo is the preferred city.

France: 10th with 46 billionaires, 9 more than 2014. Combined wealth of the French billionaires is US$265bn. The preferred sector is luxury goods with 9 billionaires followed by F&B with 7 billionaires. Paris is the preferred city.

Chinese Taipei: 9th with 48 billionaires, 11 more than 2014. Taipei is the preferred city. Manufacturing is the preferred sector. Tsai Eng-Meng is the richest person (US$10bn).

 

Young & Rich

There were 40 billionaires under 40, up by a whopping 50% or 16 individuals. Led by Snapchat founders Evan Spiegel, 23, and Bobby Murphy, 25, the USA has the most (7), followed by China (3). 25% are women, of which Elizabeth Holmes, 30, is the youngest. 22 are self-made with 18 inherited.

Billionaires under 40 years – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Age

Name

Wealth US$Bn

Main Company

Self-made Scorecard

Gender

Country

of Residence

24

Evan Spiegel

1.5

Snapchat

4

M

USA

26

Bobby Murphy

1.5

Snapchat

4

M

USA

30

Mark Zuckerberg

44

Facebook

4

M

USA

30

Dustin Moskovitz

13

Facebook

4

M

USA

30

Elizabeth Holmes

3.6

Theranos

4

F

USA

30

Anton Kathrein Jr

1.4

Kathrein Werke

3

M

Germany

31

Albert von Thurn und Taxis

2.0

-

3

M

Germany

31

Nathan Blecharczyk

1.5

AirBnb

4

M

USA

32

Scott Duncan

5.0

Enterprise Products

1

M

USA

32

Eduardo Saverin

3.7

Facebook

4

M

Singapore

32

Lynsi Torres

1.7

In N Out Burgers

3

F

USA

33

Joe Gebbia

1.5

AirBnb

4

M

USA

33

Fahd Hariri

1.2

Turk Telekomunikasyon

3

M

France

33

Kang Qiao

1.0

Searainbow

1

F

China

34

Yang Huiyan

6.5

Country Garden

2

F

China

34

Marie Besnier Beauvalot

1.8

Lactalis

1

F

France

34

Mike Cannon-Brookes

1.2

Atlassian Corp

4

M

Australia

34

Scott Farquhar

1.2

Atlassian Corp

4

M

Australia

35

Sean Parker

2.8

Facebook

4

M

USA

35, 34

Wang Qicheng & Wu Yan

1.3

Hakim

5

M, F

China

36

Naruatsu Baba

1.9

Colopl

4

M

Japan

36

Robert Pera

1.6

Ubiquity Networks

4

M

USA

36

Garrett Camp

1.3

Uber Technologies

4

M

USA

36

Ayman Hariri

1.2

Turk Telekomunikasyon

3

M

Saudi Arabia

37

Alejandro Santo Domingo

14

Sab Miller

2

M

USA

37

Yvonne Bauer & family

2.6

Bauer Media

3

F

Germany

37

Yoshikazu Tanaka

1.5

Gree International

5

M

Japan

37

Maxim Nogotkov

1.3

Svyaznoy Retail

5

M

Russia

37

Jack Dorsey

1.1

Twitter

4

M

USA

38

Rahel Blocher

2.5

EMS Chemie

1

F

Switzerland

38

Ciliandra Fangiono

1.8

First Resources Ltd

3

M

Indonesia

38

Julia Oetker

1.5

Dr Oetker

2

F

Germany

38

Travis Kalanick

1.3

Uber Technologies

4

M

USA

39

Lawrence Ho

3.4

Melco

2

M

China

39

Chase Coleman, III

2.0

Tiger Global Management

4

M

USA

39

Nicholas Woodman

1.9

GoPro

4

M

USA

39

Yusaku Maezawa

1.3

Start Today Co. 

5

M

Japan

39

Miriam Blocher

1.2

EMS Chemie

1

F

Switzerland

39

Serra Sabanci

1.0

Sabanci Holding

1

F

Turkey

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Source of Wealth – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

Disruptive Value Creation supported by innovative technology has created more billionaires in the recent past

 

 

Industry

No. of billionaires

Change in No. of billionaires

Richest person

Company

1-

Technology, Media and Telecoms

297

40

Larry Ellison

Oracle

2-

Real Estate

280

27

Li Ka-shing

Cheung Kong

3-

Manufacturing

219

33

SP Hinduja

Hinduja Group

4-

Investments

205

21

Bill Gates

Microsoft

5-

Retail

174

-6

Amancio Ortega

Inditex

6-

Food & Beverages

156

18

Forrest Mars

Mars

7-

Energy

129

5

Charles & David Koch

Koch Industry

8-

Financial Services

118

3

Luis Carlos Sarmiento

Grupo Aval

9-

Pharmaceuticals

89

7

Dilip Shanghvi

Sun Pharma

10↑

Logistics & Shipping

47

10

Jack Taylor & family

Enterprise rent a car

11-

Automobile

45

2

Susanne Klatten

BMW

12-

Mining

44

5

Georgina Rinehart

Roy Hill Iron Ore Mine

13↑

Luxury Goods

32

-16

Bernard Arnault

LVMH

14↑

Hospitality

30

1

Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jber

Mbi Internation

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

↑ Rank increase yoy  ↓ Rank decrease yoy  - No Rank change yoy 

 

Technology produced the most billionaires – 297, accounting for 11% of the entire list. 49 were newcomers, coming from Graham Holding, Dogan Holding, DB Corp, King Entertainment, Uber, Bet 365 and so on. Other tech stocks that shot up include JD.COM (346%), Xinwei Telecom (324%), Alibaba (245%), Xiaomi (198%), YonYou (123%), Baidu (80%), Excel (62%), Verlagsgruppe (60%) and Bharti Airtel (50%).

 

The US has the most number of tech billionaires, followed by China. The US has added more women tech billionaires, led by Sheryl Sandberg of Facebook. The richest tech billionaire is Laurene Powell Jobs (US$18bn, rank 70), widow of Steve Jobs.

 

Other Points of Note

The youngest is Elizabeth Holmes, 30, of Theranos, a revolutionary blood analytics company based in USA. Theranos board members include 3 former cabinet secretaries, 2 former senators, a retired CentCom Commander, a retired Navy admiral and a former director for Centre of Disease Control and Prevention.

Nicholas Woodman, an amateur photographer, founded GoPro which went public last year, netting Woodman US$1.9bn.

Valued at US$11bn, Shiv Nadar, 69, of HCL is an aggressive mission to impart literacy in India, and is one of the Top 3 philanthropists in India.

Ones to watch. Uber, Airbnb, Pinterest, Xiaomi and Dropbox are in the pipeline for big tech IPO deals expected in 2015.

Women. More than one in ten are female, 279 women in total. 69 are self-made of which 35 are from China, 16 from USA and 7 from the UK. The oldest is from China, Yik-Chun Koo Wang, 98, co-founder of Johnson Electric. The youngest is Elizabeth Holmes, 30, of Theranos, a healthcare technology company in the USA.

Ones to watch. Uber, Airbnb, Pinterest, Xiaomi and Dropbox are in the pipeline for big tech IPO deals expected in 2015.

Jack Ma & family shot up to 33 after Alibaba’s record-breaking US$25bn IPO in New York in September 2014. Other billionaires of interest minted through IPO include Rocket Internet.

Politically active. Charles and David Koch fund political activities that promote free market principles. Saad Hariri, former Prime Minister of Lebanon, ranks 1094. 6 ruling royal families, including Saudi Arabia, Brunei, UAE, Morocco, Thailand and Liechtenstein.

121 billionaires own Fortune Global 500 companies, 74 from USA, 10 from China.

Billion dollar divorce: Sue Ann Hamm received a US$1bn settlement from Harold Hamm after their 23 year marriage, ranking her in her own right at number 1911.

Richest family in world. Were the Wal-mart fortunes to be combined, the Walton family would have US$138bn, up US$9bn this year, making them the richest family in the world by far.

The 41-year old Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin retains their fort in Top 20, despite a stagnant year for Google.

Gérard Mulliez & family saw his wealth increase 25%, pushing him up 11 places to 18, thanks to a strong performance of Auchan, a large retailer in Europe.

Carl Icahn, 78. The legendary investor had a fantastic run this year, improving 66% to US$29bn and up 26 places to number 22.

Big philanthropy. Jack Ma and Joe Tsai of Alibaba donated US$2.4bn worth of Alibaba stock. Mark Zuckerberg and wife Priscilla Chan have donated US$2bn to charity. Ronnie Chan, of Hang Lung Properties, donated US$350 million to Harvard Medical School.

Jim Breyer of Accel Partners in the USA saw his wealth rise 130%. Breyer was an early investor in Facebook & Real Networks.

 

Oldest. The oldest billionaires on the list are 99 year old David Rockefeller Sr (US$1.4bn, rank 1392) and Taiwanese Lin Yu-Chia (US$1.1bn, rank 1760), followed by two 98 year old billionaires; investor Henry Hillman ($2.4bn, rank 594) and Chinese Yik-Chun Koo Wang (US$2.7bn, rank 446).

16 billionaires from last year’s Hurun Global Rich List died at the relatively advanced age of 85. They included:

Name

Company

Age

Karl Albrecht

Aldi Sud

94

Antonio Ermirio de Moraes & family

Votorantim Participacoes

86

Harold Simmons

Valhi

83

Tsai Wan-Tsai & family

Fubon

85

S. Truett Cathy

Chick - Fil - A

93

Paul Desmarais

Power Financial Oration

88

Patrick McGovern

IDG

77

Malcolm Glazer & family

Manchester United

86

Paul Ramsay

Ramsay Health Care

78

David Azrieli & family

Azrieli Group

92

Robert Holding

Sinclair Oil

88

George Mitchell

Devon Energy Oration

95

Michael Heisley Sr

Heico Companies

77

William C. Ford Sr

Ford Motor

89

Emilio Yap

Phil Trust Bank

89

Abdul Razzaq Yaqoob & family

ARY Group

70

Source: Hurun Research Institute 2015

 

 

Billionaires by Continent – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

56% of new billionaires reside in Asia. Asia is drawing away from North America with 191 new billionaires to take it to 943 individuals, followed by North America with 589 billionaires and Europe 401.

Oceania is the only continent where a woman leads the billionaires’ list. (Georgina Rinehart, US$16bn).

With a cumulative net worth of US$80bn, Africa has 31 billionaires on the Hurun Global Rich List 2015. Aliko Dangote, 57, of Dangote Cements leads the pack with US$17bn, breaking into the Top 100. Brahim Zniber, 94, of Belvedere Winery is a new face on the list with US$6.8bn.

 

 

Continent

No. of billionaires

Change in No of billionaires YoY

Combined wealth US$ Bn

 1

Asia

943

119

2523

 2

North America

589

61

2385

 3

Europe

401

29

1445

 4

South America

92

11

267

 5

Oceania

33

2

75

 6

Africa

31

-2

80

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

European Union – A quick look

The EU has 323 billionaires this year. Average age of billionaires in the EU is 65, one year higher than the overall list.

Billionaires by EU country

Country

No. of Billionaires

Average Age

Top Industry

UK

80

65.1

Retail

Germany

72

64.6

Food & Beverages

France

46

66.7

Luxury Goods

Italy

27

66.9

Retail

Spain

19

68.1

Real Estate

Austria

16

68.9

Manufacturing

Denmark

12

60.7

Manufacturing

Netherlands

12

69.7

Food & Beverages

Sweden

11

64.8

Retail

Source: Hurun Research Institute

 

Chinese Diaspora: Where they live – Hurun Global Rich List

Chinese diaspora. 529 billionaires are of Chinese origin. Outside of Greater China, the Chinese diaspora are based predominantly in South East Asia, led by Singapore and Indonesia.

8 are based in the USA: John Tu and David Sun, both of Kingston Technology, Roger Wang of Golden Eagle, Jerry Yang of Yahoo!, Andrew & Peggy Cherng of Panda Express, Chen Tei-Fu of Sunrider and Cher Wang & Chen Wen-Chi of HTC, Duan Yongping of BBK.

 

 

 Residence

No. of Billionaires

1

Greater China

478

2

Singapore

14

3

Indonesia

10

4

USA

8

5

Malaysia

7

6

Philippines

6

7

Thailand

5

8

Australia

1

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Stats

The cut-off required for the Top 100 rose slightly, whilst for the Top 200, 500 and 1000 was down.

Rank on List

2015 Cut-off required US$bn

2014 Cut-off required US$bn

2013 Cut-off required US$bn

10

36

36

30

100

12

11.5

10.5

200

5.9

6.9

6.1

500

2.6

3.4

2.9

1000

1.9

2

1.5

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Currency fluctuations

Global currency witnessed a highly volatile year with an average 14% drop against the US Dollar. The Ukrainian Hryvnia dropped 49% to the US dollar, followed by Russian Rouble.

 Currency fluctuations against the US Dollar – Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Country

% drop in currency

% Change in Wealth

1

Ukraine

49%

-14%

2

Russia

46%

-22%

3

Argentina

41%

-24%

4

Norway

27%

-55%

5

Japan

26%

-18%

6

Brazil

24%

-21%

7

Colombia

24%

20%

8

South Africa

24%

-29%

9

Turkey

23%

-11%

10

Australia

23%

-30%

Source: Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

Stock Exchanges

China has more billionaires listed on its stock exchanges than the USA, leading with 290 compared with 220 billionaires listed in the USA. The Chinese Shenzhen had a good year, with a gain of 42%, followed by India (32%) and Indonesia (21%). NYSE returned 9% while London Stock Exchange returned a declined growth of -3%.

 

Chinese Star Signs

Billionaires born in the years of the snake and horse lead the way. Billionaires born in the Year of the Sheep, which starts on 19 February, come in at 6th place.

 

Star Sign

%

1

Snake

9.5%

2

Horse

9.2%

3

Dragon

9.0%

3

Ox

9.0%

5

Rabbit

8.8%

6

Sheep

8.3%

7

Monkey

8.1%

8

Rat

8.0%

9

Dog

7.8%

10

Tiger

7.7%

11

Pig

7.4%

12

Rooster

7.2%

 

 

Table: Top 100 - Hurun Global Rich List 2015

 

 

 Change in Rank

 Name

 Wealth US$Bn

 % change

Main Company

 Age

 Country of Residence

Self-Made Score

1

0

Bill Gates

85

25%

Microsoft

59

USA

4

2

2

Carlos Slim Helu & family

83

38%

America Movil

75

Mexico

4

3

-1

Warren Buffett

76

19%

Berkshire Hathaway

84

USA

5

4

-1

Amancio Ortega

55

-11%

Inditex

78

Spain

5

5

0

Larry Ellison

54

13%

Oracle

70

USA

5

6

0

Bernard Arnault

45

-2%

LVMH

65

France

4

7

11

Mark Zuckerberg

44

42%

Facebook

30

USA

4

8

1

Charles Koch

36

0%

Koch Industries

79

USA

3

8

1

David Koch

36

0%

Koch Industries

74

USA

3

8

15

Dieter Schwarz

36

29%

Schwarz Group

75

Germany

3

11

2

Alice Walton

35

8%

Wal-Mart

65

USA

2

11

3

Christy Walton & family

35

9%

Wal-Mart

59

USA

1

13

1

Jim Walton

34

6%

Wal-Mart

66

USA

2

13

1

Robson Walton

34

6%

Wal-Mart

70

USA

2

15

-4

Liliane Bettencourt

33

-3%

L'Oreal

92

France

2

16

-4

Li Ka-shing

32

-3%

Cheung Kong

87

China

5

17

1

Larry Page

31

0%

Google

41

USA

4

18

3

Alwaleed Bin Talal Alsaud

30

3%

Kingdom Holding Company

59

Saudi Arabia

3

18

11

Gérard Mulliez & family

30

25%

Auchan

83

France

5

18

3

Karl Albrecht Jr

30

3%

Aldi Sud

66

Germany

3

18

2

Sergey Brin

30

0%

Google

41

USA

5

22

26

Carl Icahn

29

66%

Icahn Enterprises

78

USA

4

22

-15

Jeff Bezos

29

-22%

Amazon

51

USA

4

24

14

George Soros

28

47%

Soros Fund Management

84

USA

5

24

-16

Sheldon Adelson

28

-23%

Las Vegas Sands

81

USA

5

24

-10

Stefan Persson

28

-13%

Hennes & Mauritz

67

Sweden

3

27

7

Lee Shau Kee

26.5

26%

Henderson Land

87

China

5

28

13

Forrest Mars Jr

26

44%

Mars

84

USA

2

28

-4

Ingvar Kamprad & family

26

-4%

Ikea

88

Switzerland

5

28

13

Jacqueline Mars

26

44%

Mars

75

USA

2

28

13

John Mars

26

44%

Mars

80

USA

2

28

108

Li Hejun

26

186%

Hanergy

48

China

5

33

-7

Wang Jianlin & family

25

0%

Wanda

51

China

5

34

158

Jack Ma & family

24.5

245%

Alibaba

51

China

5

35

-4

Bertrand Puech & family

24

9%

Hermes

78

France

3

36

-6

David Thomson & family

22

-4%

Thomson Reuters

57

Canada

3

36

-5

Michele Ferrero & family

22

0%

Ferrero Rocher

88

Monaco

3

36

13

Steve Ballmer

22

29%

Microsoft

59

USA

4

39

-15

Michael Bloomberg

21

-22%

Bloomberg

72

USA

4

39

-4

Theo Jr Albrecht & family

21

5%

Aldi Nord

-

Germany

3

41

0

Mukesh Ambani

20

11%

Reliance Industries

57

India

3

41

-10

Rinat Akhmetov

20

-9%

System Capital Management

48

Ukraine

5

43

-8

Zong Qinghou & family

19

-5%

Wahaha

70

China

5

43

-2

Leonardo Del Vecchio

19

6%

Luxottica

79

Italy

4

43

10

Phil Knight

19

15%

Nike

77

USA

4

43

-5

Tadashi Yanai

19

0%

Fast Retailing

65

Japan

4

47

7

Charles Ergen

18

13%

Dish Networks

61

USA

4

47

-12

Haji Hassanal Bolkiah

18

-10%

Brunei Investment Agency

68

Brunei

2

47

23

Laurene Powell Jobs & family

18

29%

Apple

51

USA

1

47

-6

Leonard Blavatnik

18

0%

Lyondellbasell

57

UK

5

47

72

Robin Li & Melissa Ma

18

80%

Baidu

47, 45

China

5

47

46

SP Hinduja & family

18

50%

Hinduja Group

-

UK

3

53

-27

Aliko Dangote

17

-32%

Dangote Cement

57

Nigeria

5

53

24

Dilip Shanghvi

17

26%

Sun Pharma

59

India

4

53

17

Donald Bren

17

21%

Irvine Company

82

USA

4

53

New

Jose Said Saffie

17

New

Parque Arauco

84

Chile

4

53

-4

Masayoshi Son

17

0%

Softbank

59

Japan

5

53

17

Pony Ma

17

21%

Tencent

44

China

5

59

-5

Robert Kuok

16.5

3%

Kuok Group

91

China

4

60

-12

Cheng Yu-tung

16

-9%

New World Development /Chow Tai Fook

90

China

4

60

-6

Georgina Rinehart

16

0%

Roy Hill Iron Ore Mine

60

Australia

3

60

-2

Michael Otto & family

16

3%

Otto Group

71

Germany

4

60

33

Pallonji Mistry & family

16

33%

Tata Sons

86

India

3

60

-6

Viktor Vekselberg

16

0%

Renova Group

58

Russia

5

60

10

Vladimir Potanin

16

14%

Interros

54

Russia

4

66

11

Abigail Johnson

15

11%

Fidelity

53

USA

3

66

-2

German Larrea Mota Velasco & family

15

3%

Grupo Mexico

72

Mexico

5

66

4

Harold Hamm

15

7%

Continental Resources

69

USA

4

66

-25

Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan

15

-17%

SBK Holdings

66

UAE

2

66

4

Paul Allen

15

7%

Vulcan Inc

62

USA

4

66

33

Ray Dalio

15

30%

Bridgewater Associates

65

USA

5

66

-5

Susanne Klatten

15

0%

BMW

53

Germany

2

73

-47

Lui Che Woo

14.5

-42%

Galaxy Entertainment

86

China

5

74

11

Alejandro Santo Domingo

14

12%

Sab Miller

37

USA

2

74

-34

Alisher Usmanov

14

-24%

Megafon

61

Russia

4

74

3

Azim Premji

14

4%

Wipro

70

India

5

74

New

Bhumibol Adulyadej 

14

New

CPB Holdings

87

Thailand

2

74

-4

Francois Pinault & family

14

0%

Kering

79

France

4

74

31

Gerald Grosvenor & family

14

27%

Grosvenor

63

UK

2

74

45

Henry Sy & family

14

40%

Sm Prime Holding

90

Philippines

5

74

-16

Iris Fontbona & family

14

-10%

Quinenco

72

Chile

1

74

7

James Simons

14

8%

Renaissance Technologies

76

USA

4

74

7

John Paulson

14

8%

Paulson & Co

59

USA

4

74

-16

Jorge Paulo Lemann

14

-10%

Ambev

75

Brazil

4

74

-25

Lakshmi N Mittal

14

-18%

ArcelorMittal

64

UK

4

74

265

Lei Jun

14

198%

Xiaomi Technology

46

China

5

74

11

Luis Carlos Sarmiento

14

12%

Grupo Aval

82

Colombia

4

74

-13

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

14

-7%

Dubai Holdings

65

UAE

2

74

57

Patrick Soon-Shiong

14

52%

Nant Works

62

USA

4

74

85

Roman Abramovich

14

75%

Millhouse

49

UK

5

74

-10

Ronald Perelman

14

-3%

Scientific Game

72

USA

4

74

-10

Serge Dassault & family

14

-3%

Dassault System

89

France

3

74

436

Yan Jiehe & Yan Hao

14

324%

China Pacific Construction Croup

55

China

5

94

-13

Anne Cox Chambers

13

0%

Cox Enterprise

95

USA

2

94

35

Dustin Moskovitz

13

40%

Facebook

30

USA

4

94

-33

Mikhail Fridman

13

-13%

Alfa Group

50

Russia

5

94

-13

Rupert Murdoch

13

0%

News Corp

83

USA

3

94

-30

Stefan Quandt

13

-10%

BMW

48

Germany

2

99

-6

Ernesto Bertarelli & family

12

0%

Serono

49

Switzerland

3

99

-35

Joseph Safra

12

-17%

Grupo Safra

76

Brazil

4

99

0

Michael Dell

12

4%

Dell

49

USA

4

99

47

Ricardo Salinas Pliego & family

12

41%

Grupo Elekta

59

Mexico

3

99

13

Tos Chirathivat & family

12

14%

Central Group

50

Thailand

3

 

 

 

About Star River Property

Star River Property is proud to be the title sponsor of the Hurun Global Rich List for the second year.

Star River Property is a privately-held luxury real estate developer, headquartered in Guangzhou, China. With flagship residential developments in Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Macau and Taiyuan in Shanxi province, Star River is currently expanding into Shenyang in the North East of China and Xian in Shaanxi province. Star River has won numerous awards for its design, gardens and hotels.

 

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