2020 Hurun Global 500

Source:Hurun Report Author:Hurun Research Institute IssueTime:2021-01-12

The Hurun Research Institute today released the 2020 Hurun Global 500, a list of the 500 most valuable non-state-controlled companies in the world.

2020 HURUN GLOBAL 500

 

Apple world’s most valuable company worth US$2.1 trillion, followed by Microsoft and Amazon with US$1.6tn each and Alphabet worth US$1.2tn. World’s four trillion-dollar companies added US$2.6tn in year, equivalent to the GDP of India, to take their total value to US$6.6tn, 13% of Hurun Global 500.

Total value of Hurun Global 500 companies hit US$50tn, equivalent to combined GDPs of world’s six largest economies of USA, China, Japan, Germany, India and the UK.

Despite Covid-19, Hurun Global 500 rose by 25% to an average of US$99.3bn. 60 companies doubled in value: 25 from USA and 21 from China.

 Hurun Global 500 employ 43 million in total, the equivalent of the working population of Germany, with an average of 86,000 employees.

Total sales of Hurun Global 500 came to US$18tn, larger than the GDP of China, with an average of US$38bn. 

USA led with 242 of the Hurun Global 500, followed by China 51, Japan 30, followed by France and UK with 21 each. India was 10th with 11. USA companies added US$6.3tn or 27%, followed by China companies up US$2.2tn or 73%.

UK worst performer, shedding US$155bn of value, followed by Brazil (down US$65bn) and Russia (down US$33bn).

E-cars, healthcare and e-commerce were the best performers. Tesla stormed into Top 10, jumping 8-fold to US$546bn and 9th spot. China e-car maker Nio was the fastest riser of the year, up 22-fold to US$61bn. Others include BYD (up US$55bn) and Xpeng (up US$34bn). China e-car battery producer CATL added US$59.3bn to take it to US$86.9bn.

Covid-19 vaccine producer Moderna from Massachusetts up 6-fold to US$55.4bn.

Covid-19 boom in e-commerce, led by Pinterest and Pinduoduo, which quadrupled in value to US$42.2bn and US$167.4bn. Food delivery companies DoorDash and Meituan tripled to US$55.6bn and US$219bn.

Financial Services led the way with 97 companies, headed by payments platform Visa worth US$465bn, followed by Healthcare with 54, led by Johnson & Johnson worth US$388bn.  Next up were Energy, Software & Services, Consumer Goods, Retail and F&B.

Visa overtook JP Morgan Chase to become most valuable Financial Services business, rising US$111bn or 32% to US$465bn and a Top 10 slot. Mastercard, Paypal, Ant Group, Square and Adyen added US$458bn on the back of e-commerce boom.

AI and semiconductors have had a strong year with Nvidia and Taiwan Semiconductor rising US$202bn and US$188bn, shooting them into 18th and 11th place respectively. Curiously, Intel had a bad year, losing US$25Bn or 11%.

By city, New York led with 28 of the Hurun Global 500 headquartered there, followed by Paris and San Francisco with 16 each.

China’s 51 companies are worth US$5.2tn, more than the combined total of the next three countries of Japan, France and the UK. They were led by Tencent worth US$712bn, followed by Alibaba, the only two non-USA companies in the Hurun Top 10. 59% or 266 of the non-China Hurun Global 500 have regional headquarters across 13 China cities, with the overwhelming majority in Shanghai (160) and Beijing (79), followed by HK, Shenzhen and Guangzhou.

India’s 11 companies led by Reliance Industries worth US$169bn, followed by Tata Consultancy Services with US$139bn and HDFC Bank with US$108bn. 49% or 239 of the non-India Hurun Global 500 have a regional presence in India, spread across ten cities, led by Mumbai with 64, and followed by Bengaluru with 39, Gurugram 27, New Delhi 23 and Pune with 11.

Biggest losers were energy companies, followed by airplane manufacturers and traditional financial services.

Energy had a bad year with the oil price down 23%. Exxon Mobil, formerly most valuable company in world, down US$127bn or 44% to US$163bn to 61st place, followed by Chevron Corp, BP, Royal Dutch Shell, Eni and Conoco Philips.

Airplane manufacturer Boeing lost US$80bn or 40% to US$120bn, whilst Airbus was down US$28bn to US$82bn.

Traditional banking had a bad year, led by Wells Fargo, which shed US$106bn, or 48%, to drop it down to US$116bn. Other banks that had bad years included Lloyds Banking Group, HSBC, Citigroup and JP Morgan Chase.

Average age of Hurun Global 500 was 64 years, ie founded in 1956.

125 companies older than 100yrs, led by the London Stock Exchange founded in 1698 and Takeda Pharmaceuticals from 1781.

61 start-ups founded in the 2000s, led by three China businesses. E-commerce platform Pinduoduo youngest, founded only five years ago in 2015, and today worth US$167bn, followed by e-cars Nio and Xpeng founded in 2014.

‘Big 4 Accounting Firms’, Accenture and McKinsey & Company made the Hurun Global 500, led by Accenture worth US$160bn, and followed by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, PwC, EY and KPMG. Together they are worth US$560bn on sales of US$211bn and over 1.6 million employees.

AirBnb at US$83bn worth double world’s largest hotel group Marriott International at US$43.5bn

Ride-hailing app Uber at US$87bn worth more than Volkswagen, whilst China-based ride-hailing app Didi Chuxing at US$53.7bn worth more than BMW.

Two education companies broke into the Hurun Global 500: home tutoring platform TAL Education and Chinese civil service examination test prep platform Offcn, both based in Beijing.

Video conferencing platform Zoom another big gainer, breaking into Top 100 with 5-fold rise to US$115.6bn.

Cloud platform Snowflake grew 6-fold to US$74.1bn

Dating platform Match doubled to US$37bn, storming into Hurun Global 500

Netflix added US$86bn or 63% to US$223bn and 33rd in world.

China e-cigarette maker Smoore quadrupled in value to US$37bn.

Credit rating agencies S&P and Moody’s both made the Hurun Global 500 with US$80.6bn and US$52.4bn. Credit reporting agency Experian enters the list with a value of US$32 bn

54% sell physical products, with 46% selling software and services

59% sell direct to consumers, whilst 41% are B2B

10 companies featured in the Hurun Global Unicorn List 2020, led by Ant Group, ByteDance, Didi Chuxing and SpaceX

160 shareholders of the Hurun Global 500 made the Hurun Global Rich List 2020, led by Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos.

Only 3 individuals founded more than one Hurun Global 500: Elon Musk (Tesla, PayPal and SpaceX), Jack Ma (Alibaba and Ant Group) and Li Ge (Wuxi Biologics and Wuxi AppTech).

313 companies from the Hurun Global 500 do not feature in the Fortune Global 500

Hurun Research Institute today released the 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

(12 January 2021, Oxford, United Kingdom, Shanghai, China and Mumbai, India) The Hurun Research Institute today released the 2020 Hurun Global 500, a list of the 500 most valuable non-state-controlled companies in the world.  Released in association with China luxury tea brand Empereur, the 2020 Hurun Global 500 are ranked according to their value, defined as market capitalisation for listed companies and valuations for non-listed companies. The cut-off date used was 1 December 2020.

 

Rupert Hoogewerf, chairman and chief researcher of Hurun Report, said: “To make the cut-off of the Hurun Global 500 required a value of US$31.9bn. Companies from the Hurun Global 500 were founded in 1956 on average, with sales last year of US$38bn and 86,000 employees. Surprisingly, there has been no slowdown in a year dominated by Covid-19. Far from it. Total value rose by 25%.”

 

“It is easy to see why the Hurun G500 represents the most powerful group of companies in the world. Together they are worth a massive US$50tn, equivalent to the GDPs of the world’s six largest economies or 60% of global GDP. They had combined sales last year of US$18tn, equivalent to the GDP of the USA, and employed 43 million staff, equivalent to the working population of Germany.”

 

“Covid-19 put rocket fuel under an already powerful tech boom, resulting in a concentration of massive economic power. The Top 10, for example, are worth US$10tn, making up 20% of the Hurun Global 500, the equivalent of more than China’s GDP. Five years ago, the Top 10 were worth US$3.5tn and ten years ago US$2tn.”

 

“Antitrust trends are picking up with US, European and China regulators launching investigations into anti-competition and monopolistic practices.  In China, for example, Alibaba dropped 20% in December after the launch of an investigation into anti-competitive behaviour.”

 

“E-cars, healthcare and e-commerce have seen the fastest growth.  Apple and Amazon gained US$1.7tn between them over the year, equivalent to ‘two Facebooks’, and making them the biggest winners in this Covid-19 year.  Covid-19 has redistributed value to technology companies, which successfully disrupted traditional sectors.” 

 

“The speed of value creation is remarkable. In the month since our 1 December 2020 cut-off for the Hurun Global 500, Tesla has grown a further 50% to break through the US$800bn mark, propelling Elon Musk, 50, to overtake Jeff Bezos, 57, of Amazon to become the richest man in the world.”

 

“Value is perhaps the best way to measure a company’s economic power in today’s world, rather than sales.  US biotech company Moderna, for example, generated only US$60 million of sales last year, but is worth a massive US$56bn, on the back of announcing it is at the forefront of developing a Covid-19 vaccine. By contrast, Walmart had the largest sales of any company on the planet but comes in only at 12th place on the Hurun Global 500. Another example is German car company Volkswagen, which is worth ‘only’ US$84bn despite US$283bn of sales, one of the ten largest sales on the planet, but placing it at 150th place on the Hurun Global 500.”

 

"To found one Hurun Global 500 company is already a crowning lifetime's achievement for any individual but three individuals in the world have founded two or more, led by Elon Musk with Tesla, PayPal and SpaceX, and followed by Jack Ma with Alibaba and Ant Group, and Li Ge with biotech companies WuXi Biologics and WuXi AppTec."

 

“Curiously, six consultancies who made their names by servicing the world’s biggest companies, are on the Hurun Global 500: Accenture, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, PwC, EY, KPMG and McKinsey & Company.”

 

“Energy companies have been the worst performing companies of the last year, on the back of a combination of the drop in the oil price, the impact of Covid-19 on global travel and the growth of renewable energy at the expense of fossil fuels.”

 

“Two thirds of the companies on the Hurun Global 500, which is ranked by value, are not on the Fortune Global 500, which is ranked by sales.”

 

“By value, five industries make up half the Hurun Global 500, led by Financial Services, and followed by Healthcare, Retail, Media & Entertainment and Software & Services.”

 

“Hurun has been promoting entrepreneurship through its lists and research since 1999. Starting with the rich list and philanthropy lists, Hurun has gone on to rank unicorns and recently the 500 most valuable companies, on a global level as well as for individual countries, eg China and India.”

 

“The Hurun Global 500 does not include state-controlled companies, meaning that the likes of Saudi Arabia’s Aramco (worth US$2tn) does not make the list, as well as China state-controlled companies like baijiu brand Kweichow Moutai worth US$344bn or bank ICBC worth US$261bn.”

 

“Hurun is delighted to partner with luxury tea brand Empereur Hua Tea for the Hurun Global 500. Tea drinking is one of the most popular rituals of hospitality in the world today and Empereur has gone to extraordinary lengths to bring consumers the finest teas.”

 

“Despite the impact of Covid, it has been a good year for the stock markets generally. Nasdaq was up 43%, whilst India and China’s stock markets rose 13% and 12%. The US dollar depreciated 9% against the Euro and 7% against the Chinese Yuan, whilst appreciating 5% against the Indian Rupee. Oil was down 23%.”

 

Xiao Wenhua, chairman of Empereur, said: “The Hurun Global 500 is unique in that it is a measure of value created, rather than just sales revenue and profits. At Empereur we share a similar philosophy. Enterprises should create value and take on responsibilities by providing consumers with quality products and making a contribution to society. Over the past twenty years, Empereur has built eight tea estates across China, with the aim of controlling product quality from the source to make good Chinese tea. As a leading enterprise in the tea industry, we drive the tea industry forward through our tea estates and contribute to the national efforts of rural rejuvenation. After the COVID-19 outbreak, we took the initiative to donate tea and other materials, showcasing our sense of responsibility as an exemplary national brand.

 

Empereur is proud to have been chosen as a state gift on three occasions, and contributed to state tea receptions on eight occasions. Empereur ‘Tea for State Guests’ has become an unforgettable Chinese flavour for 76 national leaders.

 

Our mission at Empereur is to attract more people globally to fall in love with Chinese tea. Our latest initiative is the Empereur Hua Tea tearoom on the Shanghai Bund, which aims to become a bridge connecting China and the rest of the word.”

 

 

8 of the Top 10 from the US

 

The Hurun Global 10 are worth a combined total of US$10.3 trillion, equivalent to more than the GDP of China and 20% of the total value of the Hurun Global 500.

 

Table 1: 2020 Hurun Global 500 Top 10

Rank

Company

Value (US$bn)

Change (%)

Headquarters

CEO

1

Apple

2,120

89%

Cupertino

Tim Cook

2

Microsoft

1,640

45%

Redmond

Satya Nadella

3

Amazon

1,610

80%

Seattle

Jeff Bezos

4

Alphabet

1,220

40%

Mountain View

Sundar Pichai

5

Facebook

816

43%

Menlo Park

Mark Zuckerberg

6

Tencent

715

76%

Shenzhen

Pony Ma

7

Alibaba

712

31%

Hangzhou

Zhang Yong

8

Berkshire Hathaway

548

4%

Cumberland

Warren Buffett

9

Tesla

546

760%

Palo Alto

Elon Musk

10

Visa

465

32%

Foster City

Alfred Kelly

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

 

Compared with 5 and 10 years ago?

 

The most valuable company on the planet is seven-times more valuable than that of ten years ago, and four-times that of five years ago. Ten years ago US oil company Exxon Mobil was the most valuable company, worth US$302bn, whilst five years ago it was Alphabet worth US$533bn. Only four companies have made the Top 10 over ten years: Apple, Microsoft, Berkshire Hathaway and Alphabet.

 

Table 2: Top 10 Five Years Ago                                            Top 10 Ten Years Ago

Rank

Company

Value US$bn

 

Rank

Company

Value US$bn

1

Alphabet

533

 

1

Exxon Mobil

302

2

Apple

508

 

2

AT&T

201

3

Microsoft

418

 

3

Royal Dutch Shell

200

4

Exxon Mobil

346

 

4

Microsoft

197

5

Amazon

340

 

5

Apple

195

6

Berkshire Hathaway

326

 

6

Berkshire Hathaway

192

7

Facebook

305

 

7

Alphabet

191

8

Johnson and Johnson

269

 

8

Nestle

174

9

General Electric

264

 

9

Vale

173

10

AT&T

241

 

10

HSBC Holdings

172

Source: Hurun Research Institute

 

 

Geographical distribution

 

The Hurun Global 500 came from 30 countries, led by the USA, China and Japan, and followed by France, the UK and Germany.

 

By city, New York led with 28, followed by Paris, San Francisco, London and Beijing.

 

By continent, North America led with 259 companies, followed by Europe and Asia with 114 and 109. Africa had only one of the Hurun Global 500. South America and Africa, with a quarter of the world’s population, have less than 1% of the Hurun Global 500.

 

Table 3: Top Countries and Cities of the Hurun Global 500

 

Country

Number

Total Value (US$bn)

Value

Change (%)

  

City

Number

1

USA

242

29,697

27%

 

1

New York

28

2

Greater China

51

5,273

73%

 

2

Paris

16

3

Japan

30

1,954

18%

 

2

San Francisco

16

4

France

21

1,740

14%

 

4

London

15

4

UK

21

1,575

-9%

 

5

Beijing

14

6

Germany

18

1,385

7%

 

6

Tokyo

11

7

Switzerland

16

1,356

10%

 

7

San Jose

10

7

Canada

16

978

13%

 

8

Shenzhen

8

9

Australia

12

760

19%

 

9

Mumbai

7

10

India

11

805

14%

 

9

Santa Clara

7

11

Netherlands

10

751

-2%

 

9

Chicago

7

12

South Korea

7

677

54%

 

9

Atlanta

7

13

Denmark

5

310

62%

 

13

Melbourne

6

13

Sweden

5

242

49%

 

13

Shanghai

6

13

Italy

5

254

6%

 

13

Toronto

6

13

Ireland

5

         311

22%

 

16

Minneapolis

5

17

Brazil

4

         235

   -22%

 

17

Houston

4

18

Finland

3

122

49%

 

17

Amsterdam

4

18

Spain

3

237

7%

 

17

Boston

4

18

Russia

3

133

-20%

 

17

Sydney

4

18

Singapore

3

170

71%

 

17

Hangzhou

4

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

Table 4: Continents of the Hurun Global 500

Rank

Continent

No. of Companies

% of Total Value

1

North America

259

61.8%

2

Europe

114

17.2%

3

Asia

109

18.7%

4

Oceania

12

1.5%

5

South America

5

0.6%

6

Africa

1

0.2%

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

Biggest Gainers & Losers

 

In terms of growth, the Hurun Global 500 was led by e-car manufacturers Nio, Xpeng Motors and Tesla. China-based online real estate platform KE grew 9-fold to US$75.9bn.

 

By absolute value, the biggest gainers were Apple, Amazon and Microsoft.

 

Table 5: Biggest Gainers by %                                 Biggest Gainers by US$bn

Rank

 Company

Value Change (%)

Value (US$bn)

 

Rank

 Company

Value Change (US$bn)

Value (US$bn)

1

Nio

2254%

61.2

 

1

Apple

997

2,120

2

Xpeng Motors

843%

37.7

 

2

Amazon

716

1,610

3

KE

786%

75.9

 

3

Microsoft

509

1,640

4

Tesla

760%

546.0

 

4

Tesla

483

546

5

Moderna

611%

55.6

 

5

Alphabet

348

1,220

6

Snowflake

598%

86.5

 

6

Tencent Holdings

308

715

7

Zoom

486%

115.6

 

7

Facebook

247

816

8

Sea

431%

90.0

 

8

Nvidia

200

330

9

BYD

353%

70.7

 

9

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing

184

445

10

Pinterest

339%

42.2

 

10

Alibaba

168

712

11

The Trade Desk

338%

41.8

 

11

Meituan

140

219

12

Pinduoduo

300%

167.4

 

12

Paypal

130

254

13

Smoore

298%

37.0

 

13

Pinduoduo

126

167.4

14

Rio Tinto

273%

91.4

 

14

Samsung Electronics

112

400

15

Unity Software

264%

40.0

 

14

Visa

112

465

16

Snap

263%

65.4

 

16

Zoom

96

115.6

17

DoorDash

248%

55.6

 

16

Walmart

96

433

18

Twilio

228%

44.9

 

18

JD Group

88

135.5

19

Nongfu Spring

223%

63.4

 

19

Netflix

86

223

19

Shopify

223%

117.6

 

20

Adobe

85

230

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

Energy companies were the biggest losers of the year, followed by aircraft manufacturers and traditional banks.

 

Table 6: Top 10 Losers – % wise                                       Top 10 Losers – US$bn

Rank

 Company

Drop (%)

Current  Value (US$bn)

 

Rank

 Company

Drop (US$bn)

Current Value (US$bn)

1

Wells Fargo

48%

115.6

 

1

Exxon Mobil

126.5

162.8

2

BP

47%

67.1

 

2

Wells Fargo

106.1

115.6

3

Royal Dutch Shell

44%

125.3

 

3

Royal Dutch Shell

99.3

125.3

4

Exxon Mobil

44%

162.8

 

4

Boeing

80.3

120.2

5

Boeing

40%

120.2

 

5

Chevron Corp

61.5

163.3

6

Banco Bradesco

40%

38.6

 

6

AT&T

60.9

205

7

Lukoil

36%

42.2

 

7

BP

59.4

67.1

8

Lloyds Banking

36%

35.2

 

8

HSBC Holdings

42.6

107.3

9

Conoco Philips

35%

42.1

 

9

Bank of America

40.2

249

10

Itaú Unibanco

34%

54.0

 

10

Citigroup

39.6

115.5

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

 

 

 

Which industries performed?

 

Financial Services was the biggest contributor to the Hurun Global 500 with 97 companies, making up almost 20% of the companies, followed by Healthcare with 54. The Top 5 industries made up half the list, with the Top 10 making up 70% of the list.

 

In terms of fastest-growing industries, Autos & Auto Components led the way, mainly due to E-Cars, followed by Consumer Electronics, Semiconductors and Retail. The only industries to see a drop in value were Aerospace and Defence, down 16%, and Energy down 11%.

 

 

Table 7: Industry Breakdown of Hurun Global 500

 

Continent

No. of Cos

% of Total Value

Change (%)

Biggest Companies

1

Financial Services

97

15.4%

4%

Visa, JP Morgan Chase, Mastercard

2

Healthcare

54

10.2%

14%

Johnson and Johnson, Roche Holding, Novartis

3

Energy

32

4.6%

-11%

Chevron, Exxon Mobil, Nextera Energy

3

Software & Services

32

8.1%

47%

Microsoft, Adobe, Salesforce

5

Consumer Goods

30

5.6%

16%

LVMH, Proctor and Gamble, Nike

6

Retail

28

10.1%

55%

Amazon, Alibaba, Walmart

7

Food & Beverages

25

4.3%

9%

Nestle, Coca Cola, PepsiCo

8

Semiconductors

21

4.9%

57%

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Nvidia, Intel

9

Media & Entertainment

20

8.6%

45%

Alphabet, Facebook, Tencent

10

Automobile & Auto Components

19

3.6%

74%

Tesla, Robert Bosch, Toyota Motor

11

Telecommunications

18

3.6%

7%

Verizon, AT&T, Cisco

12

Industrial Products

17

1.6%

36%

Caterpillar, John Deere, Illinois Tool Works

13

Transportation & Logistics

14

2.0%

46%

Union Pacific, UPS, Uber

14

Chemicals

13

1.5%

29%

Linde, Air Liquide, Shin-Etsu Chemical

15

Consumer Electronics

12

6.6%

68%

Apple, Samsung Electronics, Huawei

16

Aerospace and Defence

11

1.5%

-16%

Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin Corp

16

Real Estate

11

1.1%

36%

KE, Equinix, Longfor

18

Metals & Mining

10

1.2%

42%

BHP Group, Rio Tinto, Vale

18

Professional Services

10

1.5%

2%

Accenture, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, PwC

20

Software Industrial

7

1.3%

23%

Honeywell International, Keyence, Siemens

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

Less than US$1bn revenue companies

 

Average sales of the Hurun Global 500 was US$40bn.

 

158 of the Hurun Global 500 had sales of less than US$10bn last year, of which 14 managed to make the list with sales of less than US$1bn last year.

 

Moderna, at the forefront of developing a Covid-19 vaccine, was the company with the smallest revenue last year to make the Hurun Global 500. With only US$60 million of sales last year, Moderna managed to create US$56bn of value today.

 

Table 8: Companies from the Hurun Global 500 with revenues of less than US$1bn

Rank

Company Name

Revenue US$mn

Industry

Value US$bn

Country

1

Moderna

60

Biotechnology

55.6

USA

2

Snowflake

264

Software & Services

86.5

USA

3

Xpeng Motors

300

E-Cars

37.7

China

4

Stripe

380

Financial Services

36.0

USA

5

CrowdStrike Holdings

481

Software & Services

32.6

USA

6

Unity Software

541

Software & Services

40.0

USA

7

WuXi Biologics

600

Life Sciences

40.9

China

8

Eastmoney

600

Financial Data Services

38.4

China

9

Samsung Biologics

610

Biotechnology

45.7

South Korea

10

The Trade Desk

661

Internet Media Services

41.8

USA

11

Palantir Technologies

742

Software & Services

44.7

USA

12

Atlassian

740

Software & Services

55.7

Australia

13

DocuSign

974

Software & Services

39.9

USA

14

Celltrion

1,000

Health Care

40.0

South Korea

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

How old are they?

 

The average age was 64 years, ie founded in 1956.

 

128 companies – or a quarter of the list – have a history of more than 100 years, of which just six are more than 200 years old.

 

61 start-ups were founded in the 2000s, making up US$5tn or 10% of the Hurun Global 500. 22 are less than 10 years old, led by China e-commerce platform Pinduoduo, e-cars Nio and Xpeng Motors, as well as USA food delivery DoorDash.

 

 

 

Table 9: Top 10 Companies with the Longest History    Top 10 Youngest Companies

 

 Year

Company

Value

US$bn

Country

 

Year

Company

Value

US$bn

Country

1

1698

London Stock Exchange

36.4

UK

 

2015

Pinduoduo

167.4

China

2

1781

Takeda Pharmaceutical

55.4

Japan

 

2014

Nio

61.2

China

3

1816

Axa

56.4

France

 

2014

Xpeng Motors

37.7

China

4

1817

Bank of Montreal

47.2

Canada

 

2013

AbbVie

183.6

USA

5

1832

Bank of Nova Scotia

59.8

Canada

 

2013

DoorDash

55.6

USA

6

1835

ANZ

46.1

Australia

 

2012

ByteDance

104.5

China

7

1836

Schneider Electric

77.8

France

 

2012

Snowflake

86.5

USA

8

1837

Proctor & Gamble

346.5

USA

 

2012

Didi Chuxing

53.7

China

9

1837

Hermes

102.0

France

 

2012

Carvana

43.1

USA

10

1839

Berkshire Hathaway

548

USA

 

2012

Peloton Interactive

32.8

USA

 

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

Table 10: Largest start-ups founded in the 2000s

Rank

Company

Founded Year

Value US$bn

Industry

Country

1

Facebook

2004

816

Media & Entertainment

USA

2

Tesla

2003

546

Automobile & Auto Components

USA

3

Meituan

2010

219

E-Commerce

China

4

Ant Group

2004

209

Financial Services

China

5

AbbVie

2013

183.6

Health Care

USA

6

Pinduoduo

2015

167.4

E-Commerce

China

7

Shopify

2004

117.6

E-Commerce

Canada

8

Zoom

2011

115.6

Software & Services

USA

9

ByteDance

2012

104.5

Media & Entertainment

China

10

ServiceNow

2003

103.5

Software & Services

USA

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

Table 11: Youngest Companies created through Mergers & Acquisition

Rank

Company

Merger Year

Value US$bn

Country

1

L3 Harris Technologies

2019

41.5

USA

2

EssilorLuxottica

2018

64.8

France

3

Keurig Dr Pepper

2018

42.8

USA

4

LafargeHolcim

2015

32.6

Switzerland

5

Kraft Heinz

2015

40.5

USA

6

Walgreens Boots Alliance

2014

38.2

USA

7

Groupe BPCE

2009

32.0

France

8

Anheuser Busch Inbev

2008

112.2

Belgium

9

Activision Blizzard

2008

61.7

USA

10

Itaú Unibanco

2008

54.0

Brazil

11

Thomson Reuters

2008

51.1

Canada

12

Engie

2008

35.9

France

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

How many do they employ?

 

Companies from the Hurun Global 500 employ 43 million people around the world, an average of 86,000.

 

124 have more than 100,000 employees, led by Walmart with 2.2 million employees and China-based Hon Hai Precision Industry (better known as Foxconn) with 800,000 employees.

 

77 have less than 10,000 employees.

 

Table 12: Top 10 Largest Employers                                       Top 10 Smallest Employers

 

 Company

Jobs ‘000

Value US$bn

Country

 

 

Company

Jobs

Value

US$bn

Country

1

Walmart

2,200

432.5

USA

 

1

Moderna

830

55.6

USA

2

Amazon

1,125

1,613

USA

 

2

The Trade Desk

944

41.8

USA

3

Hon Hai Precision Industry

803

40.3

Chinese Taipei

 

3

Adyen

1,100

56.9

Netherlands

4

Volkswagen

671

83.8

Germany

 

4

SBA Communications

1,475

32.3

USA

5

Compass Group

596

32.4

UK

 

5

Digital Realty

1,550

36.3

USA

6

Deutsche Post

550

59.3

Germany

 

6

Roku

1,650

35.6

USA

7

Accenture

506

160.2

Ireland

 

7

Prologis

1,712

74.0

USA

8

UPS

495

118.8

USA

 

8

Match Group

1,800

37.3

USA

9

Tata Consultancy Services

418

139

India

 

9

Peloton Interactive

1,800

32.8

USA

10

Home Depot

400

297.7

USA

 

10

Celltrion

1,942

40.0

South Korea

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Serial Entrepreneurs

 

Elon Musk co-founded 3 of the Hurun Global 500, followed by Jack Ma and Li Ge.

 

Table 13: Individuals Who Founded More Than One Hurun Global 500

Founder

Company

Rank

Value US$bn

Elon Musk

Tesla

9

546

Elon Musk

Paypal

24

254

Elon Musk

SpaceX

277

52

Ma Yun

Alibaba

7

712

Ma Yun

Ant Group

40

209

Li Ge

WuXi Biologics

359

40.9

Li Ge

WuXi AppTec

375

39.9

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

By Country

 

USA: From the Hurun Global 500 it is easy to see why the USA is the world’s No. 1 economy in the world. When it comes to the most valuable companies in the world, the USA contributes nearly half of the companies in Hurun Global 500 and a combined value of US$29.6 trillion, equivalent to a third of global GDP. Financial Services and Software & Services contributed the most number of companies (34 and 26), followed by Medical Equipment & Devices (14). Led by New York, 5 US cities made the top 10 cities.

 

China. 51 companies from Greater China made the Hurun Global 500, led by Tencent and Alibaba both making the Top 10. The 51 China companies were spread across 18 cities, led by Beijing with 14 and followed by Shenzhen and Shanghai with 8 and 6. Others included Hangzhou, HK and Foshan. The average age was 24 years, much younger than the 64 average age of the whole list.

 

266, or 59%, of the non-China Hurun Global 500 have regional headquarters across 13 cities, with the overwhelming majority in Shanghai (160) and Beijing (79) and a few across HK, Shenzhen and Guangzhou.

 

Table 14: Global Headquarters of Hurun Global 500 based in China

Rank

City

No. of Hurun Global 500 

Biggest cos

Beijing

14

Meituan, JD, ByteDance

2

Shenzhen

8

Tencent, PingAn, Huawei

3

Shanghai

6

Pinduoduo, NIO, Lufax

4

Hangzhou

4

Alibaba, Ant, Nongfu, NetEase

5

Hong Kong

3

AIA, Sun Hong Kai Properties, Galaxy Entertainment

6

Foshan

2

Midea, Haitian

6

Hsinchu

2

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Mediatek

8

Baoding

1

Great Wall Motor

8

Changsha

1

Aier Eye Hospital

8

Guangzhou

1

Xpeng Motors

8

Huhehaote

1

Yili Industrial

8

Lianyungang

1

Hengrui Medicine

8

Nanyang

1

Muyuan Foods

8

Ningde

1

CATL

8

Qingdao

1

Haier Smart Home

8

Xiamen

1

Anta

8

Xi'an

1

Longi

8

New Taipei City

1

Hon Hai Precision Industry

8

Zhuhai

1

Gree

 

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

Table 15: Regional Headquarters of Hurun Global 500 in China

Rank

China HQ

No. of non-China headquartered Hurun Global 500

Biggest cos

Shanghai

160

Apple, Tesla, Johnson & Johnson, LVMH

2

Beijing

79

Microsoft, Amazon, Visa, Samsung

3

Hong Kong

7

Goldman Sachs, Nintendo, Charles Schwab

4

Shenzhen

6

Walmart, Cigna, Snap

5

Guangzhou

4

HP, P&G, Colgate-Palmolive

6

Macau

1

Las Vegas Sands

6

Qingdao

1

Nidec

6

Suzhou

1

Cintas

6

Taipei City

1

Peloton Interactive

6

Tianjin

1

Novo Nordisk

6

Wuxi

1

SK Hynix

6

Xiamen

1

Dell Technologies

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

With 30 companies, Japan has the third largest number on the Hurun Global 500. With a valuation of US$186bn, 83-year old, Toyota Motor was the most valuable Japanese company followed by SoftBank (US$130bn) and Keyence (US$122bn). Financial Services led the way with 4 companies, followed by Manufacturing, Automobile & Auto Components, Retail and Industrial Products with 3 each. The combined value of the Japan companies is US$1.9tn. The average age is 80 years, 16 years older than the average age of the whole list. Tokyo is the preferred headquarter city for 11 of the Japanese companies followed by Minato with 4 and Osaka with 3.

 

France was 4th with 21 companies, led by LVMH. The average age was 92 years, 28 years older than the average age of the list.  Like the UK, France has no start-ups from the 2000s on the list. Financial Services led the way with 3 companies, followed by Luxury Goods and Food and Beverages with 2 each. The combined value of the French companies in the list is US$1.7tn. Paris was the preferred HQ.

 

With 21 companies, UK shares the 4th position in the Hurun Global 500, led by Unilever (US$163bn), and followed by Linde (US$136bn) and AstraZeneca (US$133bn). The UK was the worst performing country on the Hurun Global 500. The average age was 82 years, 18 years older than the average of the list and with no start-ups from the 2000s. UK is home to the oldest company on the 2020 Hurun Global 500: the 322-year old London Stock Exchange. Financial Services led the way with 6 companies, followed by Professional Services and Consumer Goods with 3 each. 3 of the Big 4 accounting companies are headquartered in London. Their combined value was US$1.6tn, less than the value of Amazon.

 

Canada is home to 16 companies from the Hurun Global 500. 16-year old Shopify, valued at US$118bn, is the most valuable Canadian company, ahead of 156-year old Royal Bank of Canada, valued at US$117bn. With 6 entrants, Financial Services led the way, followed by Oil & Gas, Transportation & Logistics, Retail and Telecommunications with 2 each. Toronto was the preferred city with 6 companies, followed by Montreal with 4 and Calgary with 3. The combined value of Canada companies came to US$978bn.

 

Australia is at 9th spot with 12 companies, with 5 in Melbourne, 4 in Sydney, 2 in Perth and one in Bella Vista. With US$113.6bn, BHP Group is the most valuable business group in Australia, followed by Commonwealth Bank (US$100.9bn) and CSL (US$96.8bn). Interestingly, all of the top 3 Australian companies are centenarians. Financial Services led the way, with 5 companies, followed by Metals & Mining, with 3 companies, and Retail with 2. At the age of 185, ANZ is the oldest Australian company in the list and at 17 years, Fortescue Metals Group is the youngest in the list. The combined value of the ‘kangaroos’ was US$760bn.

 

India is 10th with 11 companies: 7 in Mumbai and one in each of Pune, Bengaluru, Kolkata and New Delhi. With US$139bn, Tata Consultancy Services is the most valuable company. Financial Services led the way, with 5 companies, followed by Software & Services and Telecommunications with 2 each.

 

239 or 49% of the non-India Hurun Global 500 have a regional presence in India, spread across ten cities, led by Mumbai with 64, and followed by Bengaluru with 39, Gurugram 27, New Delhi 23 and Pune with 11. “India has a big opportunity ahead of it, since only half of the non-India Hurun Global 500 are officially present in India today.”

 

Table 16: Global Headquarters of Hurun Global 500 based in India

 

City

No. of Hurun Global 500 

Biggest cos

Mumbai

7

Tata Consultancy Services, Reliance, HDCF Bank

2

Pune

1

Bajaj Finance

3

Bengaluru

1

Infosys

4

Kolkata

1

ITC

5

New Delhi

1

Bharti Airtel

Source: Hurun Research Institute

 

Table 17: Regional Headquarters of Hurun Global 500 based in India

Rank

India

No. of non-India headquartered Hurun Global 500

Biggest cos

Mumbai

64

Alibaba, Johnson and Johnson, LVMH

2

Bengaluru

39

Apple, Visa, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing

3

Gurugram

27

Walmart, Samsung Electronics, Nestle

4

New Delhi

23

MacDonald’s, Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell

5

Pune

11

Honeywell, VW, John Deere

6

Chennai

8

Paypal, Keyence, Stryker Corp

7

Hyderabad

7

Microsoft, Amazon, Salesforce

8

Noida

3

Adobe, Gree, Honda

9

Kolkata

2

Pfizer, PwC

10

Manesar

1

Agilent Technologies

Source: Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500

 

 

What about state-controlled companies?

The Hurun Global 500 focuses exclusively on non-state-controlled companies, meaning that state-controlled companies like Saudi Aramco or China’s Kweichow Moutai are out of contention to make the list.

 

45 listed state-controlled companies would have made the cut-off, as set out in the table below, of which 36 from China, 3 from Russia, 2 from Saudi Arabia and 1 from each of Norway, France, Japan and India.

 

Other non-listed state-controlled companies would have made the list including China’s State Grid.

 

Table 18: Most valuable listed state-controlled companies in the world

Rank

Company

Value (US$bn)

Country

1

Saudi Aramco

2,081

Saudi Arabia

2

Kweichow Moutai

331

China

3

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China

280

China

4

China Construction Bank

203

China

5

Agricultural Bank of China

174

China

6

China Merchants Bank

174

China

7

China Life Insurance

153

China

8

Wuliangye Yibin

152

China

9

Bank of China

137

China

10

Petrochina

112

China

11

Sberbank

84

Russia

12

China Petroleum & Chemical

73

China

13

China Yangtze Power

70

China

14

Industrial Bank

68

China

15

Postal Savings Bank of China

65

China

16

Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology

64

China

17

Gazprom

63

Russia

18

China Tourism Group Duty Free

58

China

19

Equinor

57

Norway

20

Rosneft

57

Russia

21

China Shenhua Energy

56

China

22

CITIC Securities

56

China

23

China Pacific Insurance

52

China

24

China Vanke

52

China

25

Bank of Communications

48

China

26

SAIC Motor

47

China

27

Électricité de France

47

France

28

Shanghai Pudong Development Bank

46

China

29

China Securities

45

China

30

Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway

44

China

31

Anhui Conch Cement

43

China

32

The People's Insurance Company (Group) of China

41

China

33

Luzhou Laojiao

41

China

34

Jiangsu Yanghe Brewery Joint-Stock

41

China

35

Wanhua Chemical

40

China

36

China Resources Land

37

China

37

Japan Tobacco

37

Japan

38

China State Construction Engineering

35

China

39

China International Capital

35

China

40

MTR Corporation

35

China

41

China CITIC Bank

35

China

42

National Commercial Bank

34

Saudi Arabia

43

Zijin Mining

34

China

44

Semiconductor Manufacturing International

33

China

45

State Bank of India

33

India

Source: Hurun Research Institute

 

 

Disclaimer. All the data collection and the research has been carried out by Hurun Research. This report is meant for information purposes only. Reasonable care and caution have been taken in preparing this report. The information contained in this report has been obtained from sources that are considered reliable. By accessing and/or using any part of the report, the user accepts this disclaimer and exclusion of liability which operates to the benefit of Hurun. Hurun does not guarantee the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of any information contained in the report and neither shall it be responsible for any errors or omissions in or for the results obtained from the use of such information. No third party whose information is referenced in this report under the credit to it assumes any liability towards the user with respect to its information. Hurun shall not be liable for any decisions made by the user based on this report (including those of investment or divestiture) and the user takes full responsibility for their decisions made based on this report. Hurun shall not be liable to any user of this report (and expressly disclaim liability) for any loss, damage of any nature, including but not limited to direct, indirect, punitive, special, exemplary, consequential losses, loss of profit, lost business and economic loss regardless of the cause or form of action and regardless of whether or not any such loss could have been foreseen.

 

 

 

 

Empereur Hua Tea · 2020 Hurun Global 500 Top 100

For the full list, please see www.hurun.net

 

Rank

Company

 Value US$bn

%

Country

City

Main Industry

change

1

Apple

2120

89%

USA

Cupertino

Consumer Electronics

2

Microsoft

1640

45%

USA

Redmond

Software & Services

3

Amazon

1610

80%

USA

Seattle

Retail

4

Alphabet

1220

40%

USA

Mountain View

Media & Entertainment

5

Facebook

816

44%

USA

Menlo Park

Media & Entertainment

6

Tencent Holdings

715

76%

China

Shenzhen

Media & Entertainment

7

Alibaba

712

31%

China

Hangzhou

Retail

8

Berkshire Hathaway

548

4%

USA

Cumberland

Investments

9

Tesla

546

760%

USA

Palo Alto

Automobile & Auto Components

10

Visa

465

32%

USA

Foster City

Financial Services

11

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing

445

70%

Chinese Taipei

Hsinchu

Semiconductors

12

Walmart

433

28%

USA

Bentonville

Retail

13

Samsung Electronics

400

39%

South Korea

Yeongdeungpo

Consumer Electronics

14

Johnson and Johnson

388

7%

USA

New Brunswick

Health Care

15

JP Morgan Chase

365

-9%

USA

New York

Financial Services

16

Procter and Gamble

345

13%

USA

Cincinnati

Consumer Goods

17

Mastercard

340

20%

USA

New York

Financial Services

18

Nvidia

330

155%

USA

Santa Clara

Semiconductors

19

United Health Group

324

22%

USA

Minnetonka

Financial Services

20

Nestle

316

7%

Switzerland

Vevey

Food & Beverages

21

LVMH

303

36%

France

Paris

Consumer Goods

22

Home Depot

298

27%

USA

Atlanta

Retail

23

Walt Disney

270

-1%

USA

Burbank

Media & Entertainment

24

Paypal

254

104%

USA

San Jose

Financial Services

25

Verizon

251

1%

USA

New York

Telecommunications

26

Bank of America

249

-14%

USA

Charlotte

Financial Services

27

Ping An Insurance

245

14%

China

Shenzhen

Financial Services

28

Robert Bosch

240

15%

Germany

Gerlingen

Automobile & Auto Components

29

Comcast

233

17%

USA

Philadelphia

Media & Entertainment

30

Roche Holding

232

10%

Switzerland

Basel

Health Care

31

Adobe

230

58%

USA

San Jose

Software & Services

32

Coca Cola

224

-3%

USA

Atlanta

Food & Beverages

33

Netflix

223

63%

USA

Los Gatos

Media & Entertainment

34

Novartis

221

-1%